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everest base camp trek 12 days

Everest Base Camp trek 12 days

Every trekking enthusiast has, at one point, thought about trekking to Everest Base Camp (EBC). EBC is a trekkers paradise that is full of gorgeous mountains, perfect villages, wonderful culture and even better trekking trails. And trekking there can be completed in merely 12 days.

However, trekking there requires training as well as planning. Therefore you need to have a lot of information about accommodation, weather of the region, the number of hours you are going to trek as well as various other factors.

This article will serve as your guide of the EBC trek that can be completed in 12 days. Let us look at everything you need to know about the 12-day EBC trek.

Overview of Everest Base Camp 12 Day Trek

Generally, the EBC trek lasts around 14 days. If you go to EBC from the classic Jiri Route, it will take you more than three weeks. Spending two to three weeks might not be ideal if you don’t have so much time to spend in the Everest region.

The 12-day EBC trek allows you to go to Everest Base Camp in a shorter period of time. This maximizes efficiency and you don’t have to worry about spending more time in the Everest region. Also if the number of trekking days is reduced, then you can cut down on the expenditure on food and accommodation.

And don’t worry, you will not miss any of the wonderful places during your trek. You will go to the most popular places along the EBC trek like Tengboche, Dingboche, Namche Bazaar as well as Kala Patthar.

Weather of Everest Base Camp

Everest Base Camp is located in the Himalayan region which lies in the northern part of Nepal. Therefore, the region is perennially cold. The colder, northern parts of the country are drier compared to other regions.

Nepal has four seasons- Summer, Winter, Spring, and Autumn. The temperature, rainfall, humidity and the speed of wind are different in all of these months. Generally, spring and autumn are the most pleasant months for trekking.

Spring falls in the month of March, April and May whereas autumn falls in the month of September, October and November. During these months, the amount of rainfall is low. In addition, the temperature of various places along the trek is mild making these two months, two of the most sought-out months for trekking.

The temperature in higher altitudes of your trek can be as low as -15°C to -20°C during the winter season. There are also possibilities of some trekking routes being closed in this season. However, if you bring the proper gear to resist the cold, the best views of the mountains are also seen in this season

Summer season despite offering warm temperatures while trekking, can be wet. Therefore while coming to EBC trek during summer, you must be flexible with your timings as some hours or some days might be postponed due to rain.

Highlights of the 12-day Everest Base Camp Trek

Scenic Flight

The starting point of your trek is Lukla. In order to get to Lukla, you will catch a flight from Kathmandu. The flight will land in the Lukla airport, one of the most adventurous airports in the world.

The flight is a small one and will last merely 35 minutes long. The mountains of the Everest region will be visible during this scenic flight.

Glorious View of the Mountains

There is no shortage of beautiful mountains in the Everest region. During this 12-day EBC trek, you will go to Kala Pathar. Kala Pathar offers the most awesome view of Everest that you can imagine.

Along with your trek, you will get to view other mountains in this region as well. The mountains are Mt. Cho Oyu (8188), Mt. Lhotse (8516 m), Mt. Nuptse (7861 m), Mt. Pumori (7161 m), Mt. Abu Dablam (6812 m), Mt. Imja Tse (6160 m), and Mt. Thamserku (6623 m).

Explore the Culture

Everest region is full of Sherpas who practise Tibetan Buddhism. You will have plenty of time to explore the culture of this region by going to the Tengboche Monastery. The monastery and the people who come there will give you insights into the rich culture of this region.

In addition, you will also have time to explore the Khumjung village as well as Namche Bazaar. Both of these regions are symbolic of the people of this region as well as their way of life. Interacting with them is bound to make you appreciate the culture of this region better.

Sagarmatha National Park

Your trekking trail will take you through Sagarmatha National Park. The national park, which is a UNESCO Natural Heritage Site, is full of alpine vegetation. It is full of forests of blue pine, birch, firs, juniper, bamboo and rhododendron. You will walk through these forests while trekking to Everest Base Camp.

Sagarmatha National Park is also home to many species of birds and animals. Some rare animals in this national park are the snow leopard, musk deer, black deer and red panda.

Itinerary of 12-day Everest Base Camp Trek

DaysItineraryAltitude (meters)Time (hours)Trekking distance (km)
1Arrival in Kathmandu1350
2Sightseeing in Kathmandu1350
3Kathmandu to Lukla to Phakding26513-48
4Phakding to Namche Bazaar34385-610
5Namche Bazaar to Tengboche38705-610
6Tengboche to Dingboche43605-68
7Dingboche to Lobuche46003-47
8Lobuche to Gorak Shep to Everest Base Camp53646-715
9Gorak Shep to Kala Pathar to Pheriche55457-815
10Pheriche to Namche Bazaar34406-715
11Namche Bazaar to Lukla28606-718
12Lukla to Kathmandu2651

If you want to see the detailed itinerary here is the detailed 12-day itinerary of this trip.

Trekking Gear

The trekking gear for 12-day EBC trek is the same as that of the any other EBC trek.


  • long base layer shirts that dry quickly
  • Couple of short-sleeved trekking shirts
  • A couple of Thermal underwear
  • 2 liner socks
  • 3 pairs of woolen blend trekking socks.
  • A pair of waterproof trekking pants with zip-off bottoms
  • A couple of fleece sweaters (one lightweight, one heavier)
  • 1 wind/rain proof outer-layer jacket and pants
  • 1 down jacket. ( -20 D.C )
  • 1 warm winter hat
  • 1 lightweight thermal layer hat
  • A pair of woolen gloves
  • A Pair of trekking boots
  • Umbrella
  • Raincoat


  • Foot powder (for stinky feet)
  • Toilet paper
  • shampoo
  • Soap
  • A quick-dry Towel
  • Gold Bond – this just feels good all the time

First Aid

  • Diamox – for altitude
  • Vicks vapor rub
  • Sunscreen
  • moisturizers
  • anti-nauseant ( if you get nauseous a lot at altitude)
  • immodium – (in case of diarrhoea)
  • Mosquito repellent

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What kind of training is needed for EBC 12 day trek?

12-day EBC trek is a shortened version of the classic EBC trek. Therefore, you won’t have as much rest as you would normally have. So it becomes all the more important for you to prepare well for the trek.

You should definitely practice hiking before you attempt for this trek. Complete 4 to 5 hikes before you attempt this trek. Training for the EBC 12 day trek will require you to do cardio in the form of running, cycling, or swimming. You can also use elevation masks while exercising to develop endurance.

While training, you should also focus on improving your diet. Food rich in carbohydrate and protein will be necessary to develop appropriate strength in your body.

2. Is Hiring a Guide/ Porter necessary for the 12-day EBC trek?

You might be tempted to not hire a porter in this trek as the duration is small. You may feel you can manage 12 days of trekking without a guide or a porter. But it necessary for you to hire a porter and a guide.

As this EBC trek is shorter than usual, you will spend more energy while trekking than usual. This might make you prone to altitude sickness. Too much energy drainage while trekking is one of the factors that contributes to altitude sickness.

So you should hire a guide and a porter. Porters will help ease the physical pressure of carrying your load. Guides will also act as your friends as well as mentors and give you the mental support you might need while trekking.

3. What happens in case of an emergency?

Although planning and preparing for your treks can prevent most things that can go wrong while trekking, it is truly impossible to be completely safe. Sometimes trekkers lose track or forget their luggage and at other times, altitude sickness might bring you down.

Therefore, you should have a travel insurance while traveling. Chartering a helicopter in case of altitude sickness might be four or even five times costly than your entire trip. There are many agencies that provide you with a travel insurance to EBC. You should talk to them and get one. Make sure you check what things are included in your insurance package.

4. What kind of snacks should I take to EBC?

Chocolate is the best thing you can take for your trek. Chocolates are full of carbohydrates and sugar. They are portable and don’t take up a lot of space in your bag. Therefore they are perfect for your trek.

They provide plenty of energy to your body. Whenever you feel you don’t have enough energy to climb up a hill, just take a bite. You’ll feel your body energized. You’ll go an extra mile after that.

5. Is there a packing limit on a plane?

Yes, there is. Every flight you take has a packing limit. The flight to Lukla is no different. The maximum you can carry during your flight is 15 kg per person. You can carry 10 kg with of weight in your checked luggage and 5 kg in hand carry.

6. Are there any charging facilities at EBC?

If you are trekking to EBC in the winter season, the number of trekkers is quite low. Most of the rooms during your accommodation will be empty. In those cases, charging will be free. However, in peak trekking seasons, charging will be very difficult and it will certainly not be free. The teahouse/ hotel owners can charge you up to $5 per hour for charging your electronic devices.

Final Word

12-day EBC trek is the perfect way to maximize the amount of time spend on your trek. It is cheaper than the classic EBC trek, it saves your time and you get to see all the places you would see during the longer versions of EBC trek. So go this 12-day adventure and make the memories of a lifetime.