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everest base camp trek 12 days

Everest Base Camp Trek 12 days

Every trekking enthusiast has, at one point, thought about trekking to Everest Base Camp (EBC). EBC is a trekkers paradise with gorgeous mountains, perfect villages, wonderful culture, and even better trekking trails. Mount Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days is one of the best ways to experience this majestic site.

However, trekking in Nepal requires training as well as planning. Therefore you need to have a lot of information about accommodation, weather, number of hours you are going to trek as well as various other factors.

Generally, the EBC trek lasts around 14 days. If you go to EBC from the classic Jiri Route, it will take you more than three weeks. Spending two to three weeks might not be ideal if you don’t have much time to spend in the Everest region.

The Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days itinerary allows you to go to Everest Base Camp in a shorter period. This maximizes efficiency and you don’t have to worry about spending more time in the Everest region. Also if the number of trekking days gets reduced, then you can cut down on the expenditure on food and accommodation.

And don’t worry, you will not miss any of the wonderful places during your trek. You will go to the most popular places along the EBC trek like Tengboche, Dingboche, Namche Bazaar as well as Kala Patthar.

This article will serve as your guide for the 12 days short Everest Base Camp trek. Read on for Everest Base Camp Trek day by day itinerary and other related information in detail.

Highlights of the Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days

  • Breathtaking views of the snow-capped Himalayan mountains including Mt. Everest, Ama Dablam, Nuptse, Lhotse, and others
  • Awe-inspiring views of the sunrise overlooking the snow-capped mountains
  • Exploring the Everest Base Camp campsites
  • Trekking beautiful natural landscapes of Sagarmatha National Park
  • Opportunity to spot rare and endangered wildlife including snow leopards, Himalayan tahr, etc
  • Short and all-encompassing Mount Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days itinerary
  • Cultural exploration of Sherpa community
  • Warm hospitality of the Nepalese people

Best Time for Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days

Distance From Base Camp To Everest Summit

Everest Base Camp located in the Himalayan region which lies in the northern part of Nepal. Therefore, the region is perennially cold. The colder, northern parts of the country are drier compared to other regions.

Nepal has four seasons- Summer, Winter, Spring, and Autumn. The temperature, rainfall, humidity, and the speed of wind are different in all of these months. Generally, spring and autumn are the most pleasant months for trekking.

Spring falls in the month of March, April, and May whereas autumn falls in the month of September, October, and November. During these months, the amount of rainfall is low. Besides, the temperature of various places along the trek is mild making these two months, two of the most sought-out months for trekking in Nepal.

The temperature in higher altitudes of your trek can be as low as -15°C to -20°C during the winter season. There are also possibilities of some trekking routes getting closed in this season. However, if you bring the proper gear to resist the cold, the best views of the mountains are also seen in this season.

Summer season, despite offering warm temperatures while trekking, can be wet. Therefore while coming to EBC trek during summer, you must be flexible with your timings as some hours or some days might get postponed due to rain.

How Difficult is Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days?

The Everest Base Camp Trek 12 days itinerary is a moderately challenging. Altitude sickness is one of the major problems of this high altitude trek. Acclimatization along with regular hydration will help you tackle altitude sickness.

Trekkers should descend in case they get symptoms of altitude sickness. You will trek for 4-6 hours on an average trekking day. The trail goes uphill and downhill in rough landscapes which might be challenging for beginners. Hence, a basic level of fitness along with a training regime is essential.

Gradual treks at a steady pace will help you immensely along the trek. Trekkers must compromise with a basic meal and accommodations facilities as they are quite basic along trails. Overall, with proper packing and preparation, Mount Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days can get completed with ease.

Why Take Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days?

Scenic mountain Flight

The starting point of Mount Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days itinerary is Lukla. To get to Lukla, you will catch a flight from Kathmandu. The flight will land in the Lukla airport, one of the most adventurous airports in the world.

The flight is a small one and will last merely 35 minutes long. The mountains of the Everest region will be visible during this scenic flight.

Glorious View of the Mountains

There is no shortage of beautiful mountains in the Everest region. During this 12 days short Everest Base Camp trek, you will go to Kala Pathar. Kala Pathar offers the most awesome view of Everest that you can imagine.

Along with your trek, you will get to view other mountains in this region as well. The mountains are Mt. Cho Oyu (8188), Mt. Lhotse (8516 m), Mt. Nuptse (7861 m), Mt. Pumori (7161 m), Mt. Abu Dablam (6812 m), Mt. Imja Tse (6160 m), and Mt. Thamserku (6623 m).

Cultural exploration

Everest region is full of Sherpas who practice Tibetan Buddhism. You will have plenty of time to explore the culture of this region by going to the Tengboche Monastery. The monastery and the people who come there will give you insights into the rich culture of this region.

You will also have time to explore the Khumjung village as well as Namche Bazaar. Both of these regions are symbolic of the people of this region as well as their way of life. Interacting with them is bound to make you appreciate the culture of this region better.

Sagarmatha National Park

Your trekking trail will take you through Sagarmatha National Park. The national park, which is a UNESCO Natural Heritage Site, is full of alpine vegetation. It is full of forests of blue pine, birch, firs, juniper, bamboo and rhododendron. You will walk through these forests while trekking to Everest Base Camp.

Sagarmatha National Park is also home to many species of birds and animals. Some rare animals in this national park are the snow leopard, musk deer, black deer, and red panda.

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Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days Itinerary in Detail

How Old is Mount Everest?

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu

Maximum altitude: 1350 m

After you arrive in Kathmandu, our staff representative will pick you up and transfer you to the hotel. You can stroll around the city in the evening and spend the night at a hotel in Kathmandu.

Day 02: Sightseeing in Kathmandu

Maximum altitude: 1350 m

After having breakfast, we will start our sightseeing tour of the ancient Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu valley is a mystical city with many durbar squares, temples, and religious monuments. These UNESCO listed world heritage sites are of great cultural and religious significance.

Basantapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Pashupatinath, Boudhanath, Swayambhunath, and Changunarayan are seven world heritage sites in Kathmandu.

We will not have enough time to sightsee all places so you can choose where you would like to visit. After a complete tour of the city, you can pack and prepare for your trip. You will spend the night at a hotel in Kathmandu.

Day 03: Kathmandu to Lukla to Phakding

Flight Duration: 40 to 45 minutes

Trek Duration: 5 to 6 hours

Maximum Altitude: 2860 m

After having an early morning breakfast our staff will transfer you to Tribhuvan International Airport. We will then board on a scenic flight to Lukla. The short duration flight provides you with aerial views of monuments in the Kathmandu valley and snow-capped mountains.

The adventurous flight lands over narrow airstrips in Lukla airport. Lukla is one of the smallest airports in the world. We will meet our porters and guides and start trekking from Lukla to Phakding. The descending trail reaches the Dudh Kosi River after a couple of hours of trek from Lukla.

The glacial rivers and the white waters of the Dudh Koshi river will enchant you. We will follow the river trail till we reach Phakding. The trek passes through flat roads with little ups and downs. We will spend the night at a teahouse in Phakding.

Day 04: Phakding to Namche Bazaar

Trek Duration: 3 to 4 hours

Max Altitude: 3445 m

We have an early morning breakfast, and then start our trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar. Further, we will continue our uphill trek passing through several villages. We will walk through Zampatti and Benkar to Monjo. We will cross the suspension bridges river twice over the Dudh Koshi.

Monjo is a small settlement in the Everest region, north of Phakding. We will then follow a trail to Jorasele. We will walk uphill through the Rhododendrons forest enjoying the view over the mountains. The Sagarmatha National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. We climb 600-meter from Jorasele, to reach Namche. The steep trail gets rugged and tough.

We will cross the beautiful Khumbu river over a suspension bridge. Likewise, we can observe Tabuche along the trek. We will finally reach Namche, the commercial hub of the region. There are various hotels, restaurants, bars, pubs, cafes, souvenir shops, and others in Namche. You will stay overnight at a teahouse or lodge in Namche.

Day 05: Namche Bazaar to Tengboche

tengboche monastery

Trek Duration: 5 to 6 hours

Max Altitude: 3975 m

We will have our breakfast and start our trek from Namche Bazaar towards Tengboche. We can observe majestic sceneries of snow-capped mountains and green hills along trails. You can observe Buddhist monuments, small Gompas, and Buddhist Stupas.

From Namche, The trail follows the contour and we will walk across the stone steps towards Mongla Pass (3975 m). The magical views of Mt. Ama Dablam will enchant you. We will descend towards the Dudh Koshi River and then ascend uphill. After trekking for a few hours we will reach Tengboche Village.

After we reach the Tengboche village, we can pay a visit to the Tengboche monastery. The Tengboche Monastery is the spiritual hub in the Khumbu region. You can observe evening chants and prayers in the monastery. Trekkers can observe a gorgeous sunset over a fantastic panorama of the Himalayas. We will spend the night at a teahouse in Tengboche.

Day 06: Tengboche to Dingboche

Trek Duration: 5 to 6 hours

Max Altitude: 4350 m

After breakfast, we will start trekking through the lush alpine forests and small villages en route. You will then descend through the rhododendron forests and then ascend through the Birch, Conifer, and Rhododendron forests. We will pass the Khumbila Khola valley towards the ridgeline. From the ridge, you can observe magnificent views of Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Taboche, Mt. Cholatse, and others.

We cross the Imja Khola and start walking over the Pangboche trail. We will start the final ascent to Dingboche village where we can observe a varying landscape. Dingboche is a summer settlement and you can find yaks grazing over the cliffs. There are stone walls that protect the Barley, Potato, and Buckwheat Crops from harsh winds and animals. We will stay overnight at a teahouse in Dingboche.

Day 07: Dingboche to Lobuche

Trek Duration: 5 hours

Max Altitude: 4950 m

After having a warm breakfast, we start our trek with astonishing views of the Himalayas. The wide trek starts to narrow after Dusa. We will continue the trail descends and curve observing Mt. Pumori. We will cross the stream and ascend to a small village. From Dughla, we will head towards Lobuche ascending the terminal moraine of the Khumbu Glacier.

We arrive at Chupki Lhara ridge from where we can observe spectacular mountains. The ridge gets covered in colorful prayer flags and stones which is a Memorial Shrine in memories of those who perished while climbing mountains. The trail drops to the Khumbu glacial moraine as we finally reach Lobuche. We will stay overnight at a teahouse in Lobuche.

Day 08: Lobuche to Gorak Shep to Everest Base Camp

Trek Duration: 7 to 8 hours

Max Altitude: 5364 m

Today we will trek to our main destination of Everest Base Camp. We will start trekking early in the morning to Gorak Shep, the original Everest base camp. The trail has gradual ups and downs and becomes rough as we get close to Gorak Shep. We will rest on arriving at Gorak Shep and have lunch.

We will start trekking a rough uphill walk towards the Everest Base Camp. After a trek of a few hours, we reach the top of Khumbu Glacier from where we can get a beautiful view of the Khumbu Icefall. After trekking for a few hours, we will finally reach the foot of the highest mountain in the world, Everest Base Camp (5364 m).

You can observe magnificent views of Mt. Nuptse, Khumbuste, and Pumori from Everest base camp. You can take some pictures to capture this memory for a lifetime. We will trek back to Gorak Shep After spending some time at the base camp. We will stay overnight at a teahouse in Gorakshep.

Day 09: Gorak Shep to Kala Pathar to Pheriche

Trek Duration: 7 to 8 hours

Max Altitude: 5554 m

We will start an early morning hike for 3 to 4 hours to Kala Pathar. Kala Patthar provides the best views of Mt. Everest, Khumbu Icefall, and Khumbu Glacier. The silver Himalayan ranges glow with golden sun rays during sunrise.

From Kala Patthar, you can observe 360 degrees panorama of the entire Himalayan region. Kala Patthar is at the risk of altitude sickness due to its high elevation. So, we will take some incredible pictures and spend some quality time and return to Gorakshep. We will spend the night at a teahouse in Gorakshep.

Day 10: Pheriche to Namche Bazaar

Trek Duration: 7 to 8 hours

Max Altitude: 3440 m

Trekkers can have their breakfast early in the morning to start their trek from Pheriche to Namche Bazaar. The steep downhill trail followed by equally steep ascents will challenge trekkers.

We will walk past dense forests, beautiful sceneries, and diverse flora, and fauna. After hiking for a few hours, we will finally arrive at Namche. We will explore the vibrant atmosphere of Namche and stay overnight at a teahouse in Namche.

Day 11: Namche Bazaar to Lukla

Trek Duration: 7 to 8 hours

Max Altitude: 2860 m

We will have a warm breakfast in Namche and start trekking from Namche Bazaar to Lukla. Afterward, we will trek down the steep trail observing the highest mountains in the world. We will cross the Dudh Kosi river through suspension bridges.

The trail passes through the bank of the river along the forests and small Sherpa settlements. Finally, we will arrive at Lukla and stay overnight at a teahouse or lodge.

Day 12: Lukla to Kathmandu

Trek Duration: 7 to 8 hours

Max Altitude: 2860 m

We will take an early morning flight from Lukla to Kathmandu as our Mount Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days itinerary comes to an official end. You can observe enchanting views of the entire Himalayas. After arriving at Kathmandu, you will stay overnight at a hotel.

Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days – Packing List


  • Long base layer shirts that dry quickly
  • Couple of short-sleeved trekking shirts
  • A couple of Thermal underwear
  • 2 liner socks
  • 3 pairs of woolen blend trekking socks.
  • A pair of waterproof trekking pants with zip-off bottoms
  • A couple of fleece sweaters (one lightweight, one heavier)
  • 1 wind/rainproof outer-layer jacket and pants
  • 1 down jacket. ( -20 D.C )
  • 1 warm winter hat
  • 1 lightweight thermal layer hat
  • A pair of woolen gloves
  • A pair of trekking boots
  • Umbrella
  • Raincoat


  • Foot powder (for stinky feet)
  • Toilet paper
  • shampoo
  • Soap
  • A quick-dry Towel
  • Gold Bond – this just feels good all the time

First Aid

  • Diamox – for altitude
  • Vicks vapor rub
  • Sunscreen
  • moisturizers
  • Anti-nauseant ( if you get nauseous a lot at altitude)
  • Imodium – (in case of diarrhea)
  • Mosquito repellent

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Mount Everest Temperature

1. What kind of training is essential for 12 days short Everest Base Camp trek?

The Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days itinerary is a shortened version of the classic EBC trek. Therefore, you won’t have as much rest as you would normally have. So it becomes all the more important for you to prepare well for the trek.

You should practice hiking before you attempt for this trek. Complete 4 to 5 hikes before you attempt this trek. Training for the 12 days short Everest Base Camp trek will require you to do cardio in the form of running, cycling, or swimming. You can also use elevation masks while exercising to develop endurance.

While training, you should also focus on improving your diet. Food rich in carbohydrates and protein will be necessary to develop appropriate strength in your body.

2. Is Hiring a Guide/ Porter necessary for the 12 days short Everest Base Camp trek?

You might be tempted to not hire a porter in this trek as the duration is small. You may feel you can manage 12 days of trekking without a guide or a porter. But it is necessary for you to hire a porter and a guide.

As this EBC trek is shorter than usual, you will spend more energy while trekking than usual. This might make you prone to altitude sickness. Too much energy drainage while trekking is one of the factors that contribute to altitude sickness.

So you should hire a guide and a porter. Porters will help ease the physical pressure of carrying your load. Guides will also act as your friends as well as mentors and give you the mental support you might need while trekking.

3. What happens in case of an emergency?

Although planning and preparing for your treks can prevent most things that can go wrong while trekking, it is truly impossible to be completely safe. Sometimes trekkers lose track or forget their luggage and at other times, altitude sickness might bring you down.

Therefore, you should have travel insurance while traveling. Chartering a helicopter in case of altitude sickness might be four or even five times costly than your entire trip. Many agencies provide you with travel insurance to EBC. You should talk to them and get one. Make sure you check what things are necessary in your insurance package.

4. What kind of snacks should I take to EBC?

Chocolate is the best thing you can take for your trek. Chocolates are full of carbohydrates and sugar. They are portable and don’t take up a lot of space in your bag. Therefore they are perfect for your trek.

They provide plenty of energy to your body. Whenever you feel you don’t have enough energy to climb up a hill, just take a bite. You’ll feel your body energized. You’ll go the extra mile after that.

5. Is there a packing limit on a plane?

Yes, there is. Every flight you take has a packing limit. The flight to Lukla is no different. The maximum you can carry during your flight is 15 kg per person. You can carry 10 kg of weight in your checked luggage and 5 kg in hand carry.

6. Are there any charging facilities at EBC?

If you are trekking to EBC in the winter season, the number of trekkers is quite low. Most of the rooms during your accommodation will be empty. In those cases, charging will be free.

However, in peak trekking seasons, charging will be very difficult and it will certainly not be free. The teahouse/ hotel owners can charge you up to $5 per hour for charging your electronic devices.

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Final Word

The Everest Base Camp Trek 12 Days itinerary is the perfect way to maximize the amount of time spent on your trek. It is cheaper than the classic EBC trek, it saves your time and you get to see all the places you would see during the longer versions of EBC trek. Overall, the 12 days short Everest Base Camp trek is one of the best trekking experiences in Nepal.