Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square is one of the best point to start sightseeing tour of Kathmandu Valley. Kathmandu Durbar Square is also enlisted in the UNESCO’s World Heritage site as it contains numerous temples and monuments that reflects the culture, tradition and religion of local people around it. The name Kathmandu was derived from the ancient building of Kasthamandap which is supposed to be built using a single big tree. The temples like Maru Ganesh, Kal Bhairab, Akash Bhairab, Taleju Temple, Shiva Parvati Temple, Makhan Mahadev Temple, Krishna Temple has its own importance in festivals like Indra Jatra. Kumari Ghar, the house of Living Goddess Kumari and the old royal palace during the peroid of Rana Regime reminds the history of the Kathmandu Valley. The Kathmandu Valley was beautifully architected by the kings of Malla Dynesty. The places like Basantapur Dabali is known place for having rest.
The Artistic temple of Swet Machchhendranath lies in the Machchhendra Bahal neat Kathmandu Durbar Square between Ason and Indrachowk. The special festival of Seto Machhendranath occurs for 4 days. The Chariot of about 48 ft. high supported on 4 big wooden wheels is made which carries the statue of seto Machhendranath. Local people pull the chariot using big ropes and revolves around the valley.
Akash Bhairab Temple
Akash Bhairab Temple is the beautiful three storeyed temple situated at the center of Indra Chowk. The statue of Akash Bhairab is displayed outside of the temple for about a week for the celebration of famous festival of Kathmandu Valley, Indra Jatra.
Hanuman Dhoka Durbar
Hanuman Dhoka Durbar is the royal palace of ancient kings of Nepal. The durbar square consists of old temples and places that characterizes the religious, traditional and cultural life of the local inhabitants. The most famous monuments of Hanuman Dhoka Durbar are; Taleju Temple, Statue of Kal Bhairav, Nine Storeyed Durbar, Historical Museum of Kings of Nepal beside Nasal Chok, the Gaddi Baithak, the Big Bell and many more. Large headed status of Swet Bhairab is hidden inside the netted wooden block which opens only on the festival of Indra Jatra. Photography is strictly prohibited inside the museums and Nasal Chowk. The museums is opened for both local and tourist but remains closed on Tuesdays and government holidays.
Kumari ghar is the residence of Living goddess, Kumari, situated in the proximity of Hanuman Dhoka Palace. Kumari Ghar was first built in 1757 and renovated in 1966. Kumari Ghar is a three storey brick building abundantly renovated with wood-carved windows and sculptures of gods. Kumari is taken out of Kumari Ghar on the festival of Indra Jatra. The Chariot carrying Kumari revolves around the Kathmandu Durbar Square duing the festival. Photography is prohibited inside the Kumari Ghar but the photographs of kumari and Kumari Ghar can be purchased outside the Kumari Ghar.
Kasthamandap was built by the King of Malla dynasty named Laxmi Narsingha Malla and is located near the Kumari It is supposed to be constructed from the wood of a single tree. The city of Kathmandu derives its name from this temple.
The small but a very important temple of Ashok Vinayak is situated behind the Kasthamandap. It is also known as or Maru Ganesh as it doesn’t have steeple on the upper part of the temple.
Five minutes from Kasthmandap the Shiva Temple of Jaishi Dewal is famous for its erotic carvings. It is still one of the main routes of the chariot for the festival like Indra Jatra, Gai Jatra and many others.
Swayambhu Nath Temple
Swayambhu Nath Temple dedicated to Manjusri or Saraswati – the goddess of learning. Swayambhu is, perhaps, the best place to observe the religious harmony in Nepal. The stupa is among the most ancient in this part of the world, and its worshippers are diverse from Newar nuns, Tibetan monks, and Brahmin priests to lay Buddhists and Hindus.
The largest image of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Nepal is in a monastery next to the stupa. Other monasteries here have huge prayer wheels; fine Buddhist paintings, and special butter lamps, which may be lit after presenting monetary offerings. Swayambhu is a major landmark of the Valley and looks like a beacon below the Nagarjun hill.
It provides an excellent view of the Kathmandu Valley. Devotees have climbed the steps on the eastern side for centuries. Statues of the Buddha, mini stupas, monasteries and monkeys make the climb to Swayambhu – which is fairly steep – worthwhile. But for someone who is pressed for time, the western road allows you to get off your transport almost at the base of the stupa.
To ancient travelers along the Kathmandu-Tibet trade route, the one kilometre corridor from Pashupatinath to Sankhu known as the zone of siddhi(Super natural power), where guardian deities dwelt and all wishes were granted. The biggest, most auspicious landmark along this route was-and stills is-the great stupa at BOUDHA (or Bhoudhanath), about 5 km east of downtown Kathmandu. One of the world’s largest stupas, Boudha is generally acknowledged to be the most important Tibetan Buddhist monument outside Tibet- Tibetans simply call elephant, and the full moon of March-April, when ethnic Tamands- the original guardians of the stupa-converge here to arrange marriages, and hundreds of eligible brides are sat around the stupa for inspection. Full moon and new moon days in general attract more pilgrims, since acts of worship earn more merit on these days
Pashupatinath is the holiest pilgrimage destination in Nepal. There are linga images of Shiva along with statues, shrines, and temple dedicated to other deities in the complex. A temple dedicated to Shiva existed at this site in AD 879. However, the present temple was buile by king Bhupatindra Malla in 1697. A gold-plated roof, silver doors and wood carvings of the finest quality decorate the pagoda construction. Guheswari Temple, restored in AD 1653, represents the female “force”. It is dedicated to Satidevi, Shiva’s first wife, who gave up her life in the flames of her father’s fire ritual. Acircuit of the Pashupati area takes visitors past a sixth century statue of the Buddha, and eight-century statue of Brahma the creator and numerous other temples. Some other places to visit are Rajeswari Temple, built in 1407, kailas with lingas more than 1,400 years old, Goraknath temple, and the courtyard of Biswarup. There are rows of Shiva shrines and Hindu pilgrims from all over South Asia offer wordship to Shiva, the Lord of Destruction. The Bagmati river flows close by the Arya Ghat cremation grounds are here. We strongly advice photographers not to take photos of cremations and of bereaved families. Sadhu, sages who follow the lifestyle of Shiva, may be seen covered in ashes and loin-cloth. The main Pashupatinath courtyard may be entered by those of Hindu faith only.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a conglomeration of pagoda and shikhara-style temples grouped around a fifty-five-window palace of brick and wood. The square is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of the Valley as it highlights the ancient arts of Nepal. The golden effigies of kings perched on the top of stone monoliths, the guardian deities looking out from their sanctuaries, the woodcarvings in every place-struts, lintels, uprights, tympanums, gateways and windows-all seem to form a well-orchestrated symphony. The main items of interest in the Durbar Square are:
The Lion Gate:
Dating as far back as 1696 AD., this gate is guarded on either side by two huge statues of lions. Alongside, there are two stone images of Bhairav (the dreadful aspect of Shiva) and Ugrachandi (the consort of Shiva in her fearful manifestation).
The Golden Gate:
The Golden Gate is said to be the most beautiful and richly moulded specimen of its kind in the entire world. The door is surmounted by a figure of the goddess Kali and Garuda (the mythical man-bird) and attended by two heavenly nymphs. It is also embellished with mythical creatures of marvelous intricacy. In the words of Percy Brown, an eminent English art critic and historian, the Golden Gate is the most lovely piece of art in the whole Kingdom: it is placed like a jewel, flashing innumerable facets in the handsome setting of its surroundings. The gate was erected by King Ranjit Malla and is the entrance of the main courtyard of the Palace of Fifty-five Windows.
The Palace of Fifty-five Windows:
This magnificent palace was built during the reign of King Yakshya Malla in A.D. 1427 and was subsequently remodeled by King Bhupatindra Malla in the seventeenth century. Among the brick walls with their gracious setting and sculptural design, is a balcony with Fifty-five Windows, considered to be a unique masterpiece of woodcarving. The Art Gallery: The Art Gallery contains ancient paintings belonging to the Hindu and Buddhist traditions of various periods and descriptions. This gallery is open everyday except Tuesday.
The Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla:
This statue showing King Bhupatindra Malla in the act of worship is set on a column facing the palace? Of the square’s many statues, this is considered to be the most magnificent.
The main square of the city contains innumerable temples and other architectural showpieces like the Lion Gate, the Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, the Picture Gallery, the Golden Gate, the Palace of 55 windows, the Batsala temple and the Bell of barking dogs, etc. The statue of the King Bhupatindra Malla in the act of worship is placed on a column facing the palace. Of the many statues available in Nepal this is considered to be the most magnificent. Beside this you will visit National Art Gallery, Golden Gate, Palace of 55 Windows, Stone Temple of Batsala Devi , Nyatapola Temple, Bhairavnath Temple, Dattatraya Temple and Pottery square
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The National Art Gallery:
Contains ancient and medieval paintings belonging to Hindu and Buddhist schools depicting Tantrism of various periods and descriptions.
The Golden Gate:
Is the entrance to the main courtyard of the Palace of 55 windows. Built King Ranjit Malla, the Gate is one of the most beautiful and richly carved specimens of its kind in the entire world. This gate is embellished with deities and monsters of marvellous intricacy.
The Palace of 55 Windows:
Was built in the seventeenth century by King Bhupatindra Malla. Among the brick walls with their gracious setting and sculptural design, is a balcony of 55 windows. This balcony is a masterpieace of woodcarving.
The Stone Temple of Batsala Devi :
Which is also located in the Durbar Square is full of intricate carvings. This temple also sets a beautiful example of Shikhara style of architecture in Nepal. There is a bronze bell on the terrace of the temple, which is also known as the “bell of barking dogs”. This colossal bell, placed in 1737 A.D. was used to sound curfew during that time.
This five-storey pagoda was built in 1702 A.D. by King Bhupatindra Malla. It stands on a five-terraced platform. On each of the terraces squat a pair of figures; two famous wrestlers, two elephants, two lions, two griffins and Baghini and Singini the tiger and the lion goddesses. This is one of the tallest pagodas and is famous for its massive structureand subtle workmanship.
This temple was first built as a one-storey pagoda but later chaned into a three-storey temple in 1718 A.D. by king Bhupatindra Malla. The temple is noted for its artistic grandeur. It is dedicated to Lord Bhairav the god of Terror.
Built in 1427 A.D. this temple is said to have been built from trunk of a single tree. Near this temple is a monastery with exquisitely carved peacock windows?
Patan Durbar Square
Patan city is the second largest city in the Kathmandu Valley situated on the southern bank of the river Bagmati and is about five kilometers Southeast of Kathmandu. The city is full of Hindu temples and Buddihst monuments with bronze gateways, guardian deities and wonderful carving. Patan This city is the home of Nepals finest craftsmen. These skilled artisans produce exquisite brass, bronze and copper statues of a variety of Hindu and Buddhist deities, silver jewels, sacred paubha paintings,and other handicraft. Noted for its craftsmen and mental workers, it is known as the city of artists. The major tourist attractions of Patan are:
Built in the seventeenth century by King Siddhi Narasing Malla, the temple of Lord Krishna holds a commanding position in the palace complex of Patan. It is supposed to be the first specimen of Shikhara style architecture in Nepal. It is the only temple in Nepal having 21 shrines and is completely made of stone. Most of the important scenes from the ancient Hindu epics-the Ramayana and the Mahabharata,have been engraved on its friezes.
A little further from Patan Durbar Square lies this Buddhist temple made of clay bricks in which thousands of images of Lord Buddha are engraved. The terra-cotta structure is one of the fourteenth century Nepalese architectural masterpieces. It was constructed by an architect named Avay Raj.
Kumbheshwor temple in Patan and Nyatapola temple in Bhaktapur are the only temples in the Valley with five roofs, with the exception of the round five tiered Pancha Mukhi Hanuman of Kathmanduís Hanuman Dhoka Palace. This temple of Lord Shiva was built during thereign of King Jayasthiti Malla. Later a golden final was added to it. A fair is held here on the Janai Poornima day in August.
It is a tall, imposing temple of Lord Vishnu in red brick. Situated on the bank of Bagmati river (Sankhamul), the temple has many fine images of stone and an artistic metal statue of Garuda on a stone pillar.
This unique Buddhist monastery contains fine and amazing collection of images and statues in metal, stone and wood Kings in the ancient times were crowned in this monastery. Many of the treasures offered by the devotees can be seen here even today.
Temples of Machchhendra Nath and Min Nath:
The pagoda of Red Machchhendra Nath, built in 1408 AD is situated in Tabahal. Red Machchhendra Nath, also known as Avalokiteshwor and Adinath Lokeshwor is housed here for six month. For the rest six months the idol is taken to its shrine in Bungamati. The temple of Min Nath is situated in Tengal, on way to Tabahal. The temple of Min Nath is supposed to be older than the temple of Red Machchhendra Nath.
The Valley consists of three main cities of great historic and cultural interest Kathmandu, Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon). Situated at an altitude of 1336 meter above the sea level, the Kathmandu Valley covers an area of 218 sq. miles. The major tourist attractions in Kathmandu include:
A huge greenfield, flanks one entire side of the old city Tundikhei. Some of the important landmarks of Kathmandu valley are located in the periphery of this area. At the south western end of Tundikhel is a 59.29m. tower built by Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa in 1832 A.D. known as Dharahara (or Bhimsen Stambha). Sundhara-fountains with golden water spouts is situated at the foot of this great tower also belonging to the same period.
Martyr’s Memorial (Sahid) Gate:
It is located between Bhimsen Stambha and Bhadrakali temple. The memorial arch contains the statue of the late King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah and the busts of four martyrs.
As the eastern edge of the Tundikhel, near Shahid Gate stands the temple of Goddess Bhadrakali. This temple is also known as Lumarhi Temple and is one of the main “Shakta” temples of Kathmandu city.
A grand imposing palace built on the neo-classical style. Singha Durbar was the private residence of Rana Prime Ministers. Now it is the Secretariat of His Majesty’s Government of Nepal.
It is the present Royal Palace. A famous historic waterspout called Narayanhity, is situated at the southern corner of the Palace.
Kaisar Library :
Located inside the premises of Ministry of Education, Kaisar library is a great centre of rare and valuable books and manuscripts. It is open for the public except Saturdays and other government holidays.
About eight kilometers north of Kathmandu, at the base of Sivapuri hill is a remarkable colossal statue of Lord Vishnu, reclining of the bed of snakes. This is one of the masterpieces of stone sculptures of Lichchhavi period. This fifth century statue is in the middle of a small pond and seems to float in water.
Balaju Water Garden:
Situated about five kilometers North-west of Kathmandu, Balaju Garden features fountains with 22 crocodile headed waterspout dating from the mid eighteenth century. There is also a swimming pool inside the park.
Natural History Museum:
Situated three kilometers west of Kathmandu city behind the famous Swayambhunath hillock this museum has a unique collection of butterflies, fish, reptiles, birds, mammals, plants and a variety of fossils collected within the country. Photography inside the museum is prohibited
Near Pashupatinath is located another historic and holy temple of Guheswari. Only Hindus are allowed to enter the temple courtyard.
The lovely Stupa of Chabahil is believed to have been built by Charumati, the daughter of the Indian Emperor Ashoka, in the third century B.C. There are ancient statues around the Stupa.
Chandra Vinayak :
The temple of Chandra Vinayak is situated about 200m. North of Chabahil Stupa. This double tiered brass roofed temple houses a tiny image of Lord Ganesh, the elephant -headed god.
This lovely Royal Game Sanctuary, also known as Gokarna Safari Park, lies about ten kilometers north-east of Kathmandu. Many wild animals such as spotted deer can be viewed in the sanctuary from an elephant back. On the northern side of Gokarna, is a pagoda of Gokarneshwor Mahadev.
It is a typical Newari town, with many fine old buildings and temples. Beyond the village, up a long flight of stone stairs, is Bajra Jogini, a historical temple with a beautiful view of the local area.
It is famous for its scenic beauty.There are magnificent waterfalls, cataracts and rock formations. It is an ideal place for picnic requiring a short walk after the motorable road.
It is a small town, eight kilometers south-west of Kathmandu on the top of a hill. Tribhuvan University is located at the foot of the hill. This historic town has many things to offer like old shrines and temples, old houses, the people typically dressed in old traditional costumes, people working on ancient loom etc.
Situated nine kilometers South-west of Kathmandu, this place is famous for its gorge. All the water of the valley drain through it. There is a small but pictuesque temple of Adinath on the top of a hill. From this top one can have a panoramic view of snow capped mountain peaks.
Situated between Chobhar and Dakshinkali the temple of Shekha Narayan represents one of the four Narayans of the Kathmandu Valley. The other three Narayans are Changu Narayan of Bhaktapur, Visankhu Narayan of Patan and Ichangu Narayan of Kathmandu.
The temple of Dakshinkali is situated about twenty kilometers south of Kathmandu. Dakshinkali is regarded as one of most important Hindu goddesses. Pilgrims visit this temple to offer their prayer and animal sacrifices to the goddess. Besides, this place has been developed as a popular picnic spot.
Bungmati and Khokana
From a distance, you could almost mistake BUNGMATI for a well-preserved Tuscan village: scrunched together on a hillock, its tall, brick houses, with their tiled roofs sloping in different directions, look distinctly Romanesque. The bus stops along the road a short walk northeast of the town.
Close up, Bungmati is quintessentially Newar, and what at first looks like a tiny village quickly envelops you in its self-contained universe. All alleys eventually lead to the broad, teeming central plaza and the whitewashed shikra of Machhendranath , whose more ancient Newar name is Bunga Dyo (“God of Bunga”). According to legend, Bungmati marks the spot where Machhendranath, having arrived in the valley in the form of a bee to save it from drought, was “born” as the valley’s protector-rainmaker. Each summer at the end of Patan’s Rato Machhendranath festival, the god’s red mask is brought to the Bungmati temple for a six-month residency, but every twelfth year it is kept here through the winter and then pulled by lumbering chariot all the way to Patan.
One kilometre to the north, KHOKANA resembles Bungmati in many ways, but somehow lacks the character and magnetism of its neighbour. It’s locally renowned for its mustard oil, and in season the presses run full tilt. Khokana’s pagoda-style Shekali Mai Mandir , a massive three-tiered job, honours a local nature goddess. Midway between Khokana and Bungmati stands the poorly maintained Karya Binayak , another of the valley’s four Ganesh temples
Situated at Jawalakhel, the zoo has many animals,birds and reptiles in its collections mostly representing the Himalayan fauna. There is a beautiful pond built in 17th A. D.
Patan Industrial Estate:
Patan Industrial Estate is situated at Lagankhel in Lalitpur (Patan) near Sat Dobato. This Industrial Estate is well known for Nepali handicrafts such as wood carvings, metal crafts, carpets and thangka paintings. For The convenience of The tourists there is a shopping arcade where all the handicraft products of the Estate are exhibited in the shopping arcade.
Bajra Barahi :
Situated in a small woodland park, it is about ten kilometers south of Patan near the village of Chapagaon. A visit to Tika Bhairav and Lele from here is worthwhile.
Situated at the foothills of Phulchowki, Royal Botanical Garden has a splendid natural beauty. The road from Patan city runs to Godavari to The soutlh-east, passing through the small, old towns of Harisiddhi, Thaiba and Badegaun. It is the only in Nepal, is open daily including Saturdays and government holidays.
Located around ten kilometers southeast of Patan, this mountain, 2758 m. high, is a good spot for hiking. A Buddhist shrine is situated on the top of the hill which can be reached through a jeep able road.
You can Choose the attraction you want to expolre so that we can send you the Itinerary and cost details.
Day 01: Kathmandu Durbar Square-Boudhanath-Pashupatinath Temple-Swayambhu Nath Temple.
Day 02: Bhaktapur Durbar Square full day.
Day 03: Bungmati, Khokana and Patan Durbar square .
Day 04: Dakshinkali -Kirtipur-Pharping Monastery (19 km; 1 hr drive)
Day 05: Godavari botanical garden- Narayanthan Sleeping Bishnu temple (26km; 1 hr drive)
Trip Cost US$ 285 Per person
- A private car
- A tour guide.
- Hotel in Kathmandu, can be booked as per your choice.
- Entry fees for the temple and Monastery .
- All your meals.
- Nepal Entry Visa Fees. Click here for more details.
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